Jesse James Galloway: 1882-1962
Orville L. Bandy
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California
Jesse James Galloway, Professor (Emeritus) of Geology and Paleontology, Indiana University, and a world-famous paleontologist, died of a heart attack in his home in Bloomington, Indiana, April 10, 1962. His wife, Clara, preceded him in death in 1945. He is survived by his daughter, Mrs. Priscilla Sgro, and his grandson, Master Joseph Sgro. Professor Galloway's dynamic approach to academic and professional problems of paleontology resulted in many "firsts" during his long and varied career. He was the first to teach micro paleontology in America, the first President of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (1927), the first Vice-President of the Paleontological Society (1931), the first American to be elected to honorary membership in Palaontologische Gesellschaft in Germany (1957), and the second honorary member to be elected in the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (1955).
Mr. Galloway was born on a farm near Cromwell, Noble County, Indiana, on August 23, 1882, the son of George Galloway and Mary (Archer) Galloway, the second of a family of six children. He was named for his grandfather James Galloway, Civil War veteran. After his graduation from Cromwell High School in 1900, he enrolled in the Vorhees' Business College of Indianapolis in January 1903. Mr. Galloway participated in an exhibition of blind-fold typewriting at the Indiana State Fair in the fall of 1903. Judge G. L. Reinhard, Dean of the Indiana University School of Law, noticed a report of that exhibit in the Indianapolis Sentinel, and he arranged to employ Mr. Galloway as his secretary in September 1903, a step that permitted Mr. Galloway to attend classes at Indiana University. He matriculated in the University in the spring of 1904, and, although at first he intended to major in mathematics, a course in general geology under Professor E. R. Cumings so enthralled him with the study of the Earth that he made the study of geology his life work.
Mr. Galloway received his A.B. degree in 1909, the A.M. degree in 1911, and degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1913, all from Indiana University. His dissertation was entitled, The Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Tanner’s Creek Section of the Cincinnati Series of Indiana, one of the classic studies of paleontology. This study was later published as a joint paper with Professor Cumings. He was married to Clara Beswick Davis on September 14, 1913. From 1913 to 1916 Doctor Galloway was an instructor in geology at Indiana University, continuing his studies with Doctor Cumings. In 1916 he was appointed Curator of Paleontology at Columbia University, and he received promotions to Instructor, Assistant Professor, and Associate Professor of Paleontology during the next 15 years. In his early years at Columbia University he was fortunate to be closely associated with Dr. A. W. Grabau, an association that provided great stimulus to Doctor Galloway's professional development. He was recalled to Indiana University as Professor of Geology and Paleontology in 1931, and this was his title at the time of his retirement in 1953. In July 1953 he was appointed Professor Emeritus of Geology and Paleontology.
Professor Galloway's outstanding ability to evaluate difficult paleontological and stratigraphic problems served to create many opportunities for him as is evidenced by many temporary positions (summers) with a variety of organizations in this country and Mexico. These positions ranged from those as Micropaleontologist, to others as Geologist, Petroleum Geologist, Research Micropaleontologist and Special Lecturer. In July 1945 he was invited by the War Department to teach in the Army University in Europe and was branch head of Geology for three years in Biarritz American University.
The unusual mixture of academic background, professional experience in many parts of North America, and a marked flair for the dramatic combined to make Professor Galloway an outstanding lecturer. He was most demanding of his students—he expected his graduate students to excel in scholarly research and academic performance, and he gave unstintingly of his time and energy. His high standards quickly eliminated all but the serious and better students. Although some of those who fell by the wayside may have been overcritical, those who met the demands made upon them are many; they are appreciative, loyal, and they are to be found in responsible positions with many oil companies, universities, and State and Federal geological divisions. As one of his students, I was amazed and most impressed by his ability to integrate such diverse subjects as Latin grammar, the philosophy of paleontology, methods of correlation, and micropaleontology. Doctor Galloway took great pride in clothing the bones and shells of paleontology with an aura of interest and excitement. He instituted the "generic diagnosis" approach to many groups of fossils and also the technique of assigning microfossil "unknowns" to his students. His many witticisms, his insight into the geologic significance of paleontology, and his brisk catechesis in class contributed to an unusually high esprit de corps in his classes and among those who have studied under him. His enthusiasm for teaching and research made him minimize the infirmities of his advancing age.
Professor Galloway stressed keys and sound taxonomic analyses in his paleontologic work. He enjoyed analyzing difficult groups of fossils and presenting their relationships clearly and concisely in order to make them useful to other investigators. His tremendous interest in paleontology carried him through many of its areas, commencing with byrozoans, dwelling on the Foraminifera for many years, and turning to blastoids and stromatoporoids in his later years. His publications on these groups made him known as an outstanding authority throughout the world. His book, A manual of Foraminifera, was published in 1933, and it first brought him international recognition because of its clear and logical presentation. His later studies of stromatoporoids brought him extensive recognition in recent years, and many paleontologists have paid lengthy visits to his laboratory to gain from his experience and instruction. It should be stressed that much of his later work on stromatoporoids was undertaken and carried to fruition following his retirement, highlighting his tremendous drive. At the time of his death he was studying Devonian stromatoporoids of Saskatchewan, and the manuscript covering this project was nearly completed.
J. J., or Doc, as he was known to many of his former students, was active with many learned societies. He was a Fellow of The Geological Society of America, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Paleontological Society of America, and the Indiana Academy of Science. He was a member of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Honorary Member of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists (Charter Member, first President, first editor of the Journal of Paleontology), Sigma Xi, Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Gamma Epsilon, Paleontological Research Institution, and he was elected Correspondent Etranger of the Société Géologique de France in 1948, and Honorary Member of Paleontologische Gesellschaft of Germany in 1957. Professor Galloway is the author of five books or book-length articles: A manual of Foraminifera, 1933; Tertiary Foraminifera of Porto Rico (with Caroline Heminway), 1941; Genus Pentremites and Its Species (with H. V. Kaska), 1957; Middle Devonian Stromatoporoids of Indiana, Kentucky, and Ohio (with J. St. Jean), 1957; and Structure and classification of the Stromatoporoidea, 1957.
Doctor Galloway had many interests beyond the laboratory. He excelled in chess, serving as coach of the student chess team for more than 15 years, and for several years he captained the Indiana University chess team. He was an unusually good although unorthodox bridge player, a colorful leader of activities in the Men's Faculty Club, and for many years he served as the Club's Librarian.
With the death of Doctor Galloway passes an important epoch in the science of paleontology. He will be remembered for the high quality of his published works and for that part of himself which he has passed on to the many students of geology who have benefited so much from his guidance and stimulation.
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF JESSE JAMES GALLOWAY
(1913) (With Cumings, E. R.) The stratigraphy and paleontology of the Tanner's Creek section of the Cincinnati Series of Indiana: 37th Ann. Rept., Dept. Geology and Nat. Resources Indiana, p. 1-126
(1915) (With Cumings, E. R.) Studies of the morphology and histology of the Trepostomata or monticuliporoids: Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 26, p. 349-374
(1919) Geology and natural resources of Rutherford County, Tennessee: Tenn. State Geol. Survey Bull. 22, 81 p.
(1919) The rounding of sand grains by solution: Am. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., v. 47, p. 270-280
(1922) Red limestones and their geologic significance: Geol. Soc. America Bull. v. 33, p. 105-107
(1926) Methods of correlation by means of Foraminifera: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull , v. 10, p. 562-567
(1927) (With S. G. Wissler) Pleistocene Foraminifera from the Lomita quarry, Palos Verdes Hills, Calif.: Jour. Paleontology, v. 1, p. 35-97
(1928) A revision of the family Orbitoididae: Jour. Paleontology, v. 2, p. 45-69
(1928) The change in ideas about Foraminifera: Jour. Paloentology, v. 2, p. 216-228
(1928) Notes on the genus Polylefidina and a new species: Jour. Paleontology, v. 1, p. 299-303
(1928) (with B. H. Harlton) Some Pennsylvanian Foraminifera of Oklahoma, with special reference to the genus Orobias: Jour. Paleontology, v. 2, p. 338-357
(1929) (With M. Morrey) A Lower Tertiary foraminiferal fauna from Manta, Ecuador: Bull. Am. Paleontology, v. 15, no. 55, p. 7-56
(1930) (With B. H. Harlton) Endothyrandla, a genus of Carboniferous Foraminifera: Jour. Paleontology, v. 4, p. 24-41
(1930) (With C. Ryniker) Foraminifera from the Atoka Formation of Oklahoma: Okla. Geol. Survey Circ. 21, 37 p.
(1931) (With M. Morey) Late Cretaceous Foraminifera from Tabasco, Mexico: Jour. Paleontology, v. 5, no. 4, p. 329-354
(1933) (With L. E. Spock) Pennsylvanian Foraminifera from Mongolia: Am. Mus. Novitates no. 658, p. 1-6
(1933) A Manual of Foraminifera: The Principia Press, Inc. ,483 pp.
(1941) (With C. E. Heminway) The Tertiary Foraminifera of Porto Rico: N. Y. Academy Sci., Survey Porto Rico and Virgin Islands, v. 3, no. 4, p. 275-491
(1947) (With C. A. Malott, R. E. Esarey) Guide book 1st post-war geologic field conference, April 25, 26, and 27, on Silurian and Devonian formations in southeastern Indiana, 22 p.
(1955) (With Joseph St. Jean, Jr.) The type of the stromatoporoid species Stromatocerium rugosum Hall: Am. Mus. Novitates no. 1728, p. 1-11
(1956) (With Joseph St. Jean, Jr.) A bibliography of the order Stromatoporoidea: Jour. Paleontology, v. 30, p. 170-185
(1957) (With H. V. Kaska) Genus Pentremites and its species: Geol. Soc. America Mem. 69, 104 p.
(1957) (With Joseph St. Jean, Jr.) Middle Devonian Stromatoporoidea of Indiana, Kentucky andOhio: Bull. Am. Paleontology, v. 37, no. 162, p. 29-308
(1957) Structure and classification of the Stromatoporoidea: Bull. Am. Paleontology, v. 37, no.164, p. 345-480