William Benjamin Carpenter, 1813-1885
William Benjamin Carpenter was born at Exeter was born in Exeter on October 29, 1813, and died in London on November 10, 1885. In 1835 he entered University College, London and the Royal College of Surgeons for medical training, and, in 1839, received a M.D. from the University of Edinburgh. He researched and published prodigiously, in fields as far apart as mental physiology, microscopy, marine biology, and religion. However, it was his researches in marine zoology, notably in the lower organisms, as Foraminifera and Crinoids, which were most valuable. These researches gave an impetus to deep-sea exploration, an outcome of which was in 1868 the "Lightning," and later the more famous "Challenger", expedition. He took an interest in the proposed organic nature of the (pseudofossil) Eozoon Canadense, and at the time of his death had nearly finished a monograph on the subject defending the now discredited theory of its animal origin. He was an adept in the use of the microscope authored a popular treatise titled The Microscope and its Revelations (1856). In 1862 he wrote Introduction to the Study of the Foraminifera.
Adapted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Benjamin_Carpenter and http://www.nahste.ac.uk/isaar/GB_0237_NAHSTE_P0139.html